For every man, ageing comes with its fair share of worries. Leading this list is the fear of being bald-headed. With the condition affecting half the male population in the world by the time they are fifty years old, this definitely is a cause for concern. It brings with it esteem issues. Though there have been many researches carried out since time immemorial, a cure for this condition has proven to be evasive. With the demand for this cure increasing day by day, the question of its possibility is becoming of more concern.
Baldness is a genetic condition which is caused by interplay among five genes. This interaction causes the thinning of the hair follicles resulting in hair loss. This hair loss has been proven to be caused by the conversion of testosterone (male hormone) into dihydrotestosterone which is done in the prostate gland with the aid of an enzyme known as 5-alpha reductase. This has been used in making treatment regimens including the commonest prescription medicine, finasteride. This works by inhibiting the action of this enzyme.
Another option that has been tried is hair transplant surgery. This is a cosmetic procedure in which a qualified surgeon takes hair-gearing skin and places of hair-deprived or thinning parts. This has its fair share of challenges including the high cost and linear scars left behind. Folliular unit extraction is yet another option but this would necessitate relying on donor hair or artificial products which give less satisfying results. While these have proven effective in curbing hair loss, baldness still remains an incurable challenge. With this and other treatments, the advancement of the disease is slowed down but is still evident over time.
Intensive research has been put into finding the ultimate cure for baldness and notable strides have been made in recent times. Among the most promising options are plucking technique and stem cell science. In the prior, scientists believe and have proven that plucking hair from its follicles stimulates double the initial growth. This has been tried in mice and its working explained as that plucking hair signals the body to release a chemical responsible for increased hair growth. This however is yet to be attempted on human but the prospects are quite promising. As for the stem-cell technology, scientists have been able to produce dermal papilae from which new hair originates by using stem cells. These are cells of human origin and capable of differentiating into any body organ. In this case, they differentiate into hair papilae which result in hair growth regardless of the number of hair follicles available. This is the most viable cure but human trials are yet to be carried out to prove its effectiveness in humans. The cure for baldness is still far off but with continuing research, there is a hope for a solution soon enough.