Tuberculosis is indeed one of the most deadly diseases on earth. In fact, treating TB – as it is commonly referred to in the medical realms – takes much longer compared to other bacterial infections and if not properly treated in timely fashion, the results can be disastrous. Medications are at the core of TB treatment, and in most cases patients have to consume strong antibiotics for approximately six to nine months for them to survive.
Treating TB revolves around a number of crucial factors according to which the type of antibiotics and treatment duration are administered. For the treatment to be effective doctors have to take into account the patient’s comprehensive health, age, drug resistance possibility, infected area and, more importantly, the form of TB – either active or latent. However, the medical realms are always evolving and according to recent studies/research, a shorter treatment period of four months may actually be effective at curbing latent TB from morphing into active TB. The research argues that a shorter treatment period is likely to motivate patients to take all their medication while reducing the risks of side effects.
Common Tuberculosis Medications
As stated earlier, the type of drugs administered to tackle TB will depend on a number of crucial factors. However, the core aspect that will determine what type of drug prescribed is whether the patient has latent or active TB. Treating latent TB – the subtle version of the disease – is possible with only one type of a strong antibiotic, but on the flipside, a patient will have to take a strong combination of drugs at once to cure active Tuberculosis more so if it’s drug resistant. The most common types of medication used in the treatment of the disease are:
TB Medication Side Effects
Even though dire side effects are rarely witnessed in TB patients, they do occur and can be really dangerous. For starters, all drugs used in the disease’s treatment are highly toxic to the liver meaning some people – if not all – may experience side effects. It is of paramount importance to immediately contact your doctor once you experience:
– Loss of appetite
– Nausea and vomiting
– Dark urine
– Extended period of fever.
The Importance of Complete Treatment
Once a patient stops being contagious after a few weeks and starts feeling better, it may be tempting to stop consuming the drugs. However, this is very risky as skipping or stopping medication will only allow the deadly bacteria to become resistant to the drugs and hence, tougher to treat. In a nutshell, it is paramount to finish every medication and therapy administered by the doctor, to completely get rid of the disease.